Path Planning for Within-Hand Manipulation Over Learned Representations of Safe States

TitlePath Planning for Within-Hand Manipulation Over Learned Representations of Safe States
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsCalli, B, Kimmel, A, Hang, K, Bekris, KE, Dollar, A
Conference NameInternational Symposium on Experimental Robotics (ISER)
Date Published11/2018
Conference LocationBuenos Aires, Argentina

This work proposes a framework for tracking a desired path of an object held by an adaptive hand via within-hand manipulation. Such underactuated hands are able to passively achieve stable contacts with objects. Combined with vision-based control and data-driven state estimation process, they can solve tasks without accurate hand-object models or multi-modal sensory feedback. In particular, a data-driven regression process is used here to estimate the probability of dropping the object for given manipulation states. Then, an optimization-based planner aims to track the desired path while avoiding states that are above a threshold probability of dropping the object. The optimized cost function, based on the principle of Dynamic-Time Warping (DTW), seeks to minimize the area between the desired and the followed path. By adapting the threshold for the probability of dropping the object, the framework can handle objects of different weights without retraining. Experiments involving writing letters with a marker, as well as tracing randomized paths, were conducted on the Yale Model T-42 hand. Results indicate that the framework successfully avoids undesirable states, while minimizing the proposed cost function, thereby producing object paths for within-hand manipulation that closely match the target ones.